W 101 - Fundamentals of Water Technology
This course is an introductory water system course that covers basics of water system. The fundamentals of water technology training will cover the nature, purposes, and properties of water. This course will teach you the impacts of chemical and biological factors on the purity of water as well as identifying pollution sources and removing them. Fundamental of water technology course will first teach you what water is formed of and how the molecules in an aquatic system interact with each other. Also, it will talk about various resources that the water for different purposes can be obtained. It then will discuss various physical and chemical methods of water treatment. Finally, this course will explain physical, chemical and biological properties of water. For those interested in learning the water distribution and hydraulic system design, an additional day will be dedicated to train students with EPANET 2.0 software.
The fundamentals of water technology is a 2-day course aimed to train:
- Any individual from water industry, governmental sectors, or academia who needs to understand how the water systems work.
- Any individual who needs to understand the nature of water and aquatic environments.
- Any individual with a basic knowledge about the water systems who needs to design, analyze and control various steps of drinking water treatment and its distribution.
- Faculty members and research engineers from academic centers who need to learn about water systems design.
- Government and state personnel who are involved in developing, adjusting, or passing legislations and policies related to water systems.
- Government entities related to water including the personnel of Deputy Assistant.
- Grant writers working on water, distribution and wastewater related projects who need a brief and quick training about water systems.
- Water and wastewater plant operators, mostly entry- and mid-level.
- Non-technical personnel of Water and wastewater plants who need to know the basis of water system, such as in marketing, finance, and executive sectors.
Upon completion of fundamentals to water technology training, the participants will be able to:
- Understand the ongoing processes that form the water or hydrologic cycle.
- Distinguish the municipal water users.
- Understand the necessity of treating water for both drinking and manufacturing purposes.
- Explain all the most common treatment processes.
- Describe the distribution system of treated water.
- Tell the difference between the apparent color and the true color of water.
- Elaborate how a temperature increase can affect properties of water.
- Describe the organic and inorganic pollutants of wastewater.
- Distinguish between suspended solids and dissolved solids.
- Understand how a pH number is correlated with the concentration of H+ ions.
- Name different color tests for alkalinity of water to identify what colors each alkalinity level can produce.
- Explain the ion-exchange and lime-soda processes to separate hardness from water.
- Name the techniques usually used to disinfect water.
- Explain the impact of temperature on the growth rate of living organisms in water.
- Discuss the way that bacteria reproduce in water and at what rate.
- Discuss the most efficient techniques applied to inactivate viruses.
- Explain the correlation between the presence of algae and the speed of the eutrophication process.
The outline of the fundamentals to water technology training is mentioned in the following which can be revised and tailored to the client’s need:
What are the basic considerations in hydrobiology water?
- Definition of hydrological cycle
- What is the difference between fresh- and saline water?
- What are the habitats of freshwater?
- How to upgrade water quality?
- What are the impacts of climate change on freshwaters
Water Sources and Demand
- Surface waters;
- Rivers and lakes, reservoirs
- Groundwater water
- Groundwater quality
- Water demand
- Population growth and urbanization
- Surface waters;
- Toxic matters
- Suspended solids
- Nontoxic substances
- What is acid rain?
- Pollution of groundwater
Water Quality Management and Assessment
- Potable waters
- Integrated Pollution Control (IPC)
- Physiochemical and Biological Surveillance
- Sampling surface waters
- Biological Indices
- Chemical data
- Simple mass balance and modeling
Water Treatment and Distribution
- Unit processes
- Preliminary screening
- Chemical pre-treatment
- Advanced water treatment
- Water distribution
- Unit processes
Microorganisms and Pollution Control
- What are the nutritional category?
- Oxygen requirement for bacteria
- Biological oxygen demand (BOD)
- Oxygen balance
- Relevant reactions
- BOD measurement
Drinking Water Contamination
- Taste and odor of water, measurements of contamination
- Iron and manganese
- Nitrate and nitrite
- Arsenic and fluoride
- Organic microparticles
Pathogens and their Removal
- Classifications of pathogens
- Waterborne pathogens
- Microbial quality assessment
- Enumeration techniques
- Microbial tracking
OPTIONAL (for 3-day trainings only)
- EPANET 2 design training