SG 101 - Introduction to Smart Grids
The introduction to smart grids is a 2-day course aimed to train:
- People of industry, government, or academia who are interested in understanding how the smart grid works and what are the concept behind it.
- Policy and legislation makers in the Government or state associated with electrical and power systems.
- Energy sectors of the government such as Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy-Energy; Air Force Installations, Environment & Logistics; Department of the Navy Energy Program for Security and Independence; Department of the Navy Strategy for Renewable Energy; Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Office; Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense, Installations and Environment; U.S. Army Office of Energy Initiatives (OEI); and U.S. Energy Information Administration.
- People involved in reviewing or writing research grants who need to be introduced to the concepts and components of smart grids.
- Operators and technicians of the power plants or utility companies, mostly entry- and mid-level.
- Non-technical personnel of the companies related to the electrical power system who need to have a basic understanding of smart grids, such as marketing people, financial officers or accountants, and executives.
- Individuals from solar, wind, and other renewable energy entities who are in the business of trading power.
- Students, scientists, faculty members, business owners, or freelance learners who are interested in smart grid training.
Upon completion of the introduction to smart grid course, the participants will be able to:
- Learn the concept of smart grid.
- Understand the communication system structure in smart grids.
- Learn various measurement techniques used in smart grids.
- Understand the load flow challenges in smart grids.
- Recognize various types of control algorithms applied to smart grids.
- Understand the cyber security challenges in smart grids.
- Learn the standards used in smart grids.
- Understand the operation of renewable energy sources in smart grids.
- Apply various control algorithms to smart grid components.
- Understand the contingencies in smart grids and techniques used for congestion management issue.
The following contents will be covered in the introduction to smart grid training course; however, they can be adjusted to the client’s need:
Introduction to Smart Grid
- Introduction to power system operation
- Today’s grid and the smart grid
- Energy independence
- Application of computational intelligence in smart grids
- Enhancing power system functionality by smart grids
- Communications in smart grids
- Standards in smart grids
- Interoperability and Standards
- Environmental impacts of smart grids
Smart Grid Communications and measurements
- Communication and measurements
- Phasor measurement units
- Smart meters
- Measurement technologies in smart grids
- Global information system (GIS)
- Google mapping tools
- Multi-agent systems (MAS)
Smart Grid Analysis
- Load flow analysis
- Challenges to load flow in smart grids
- Classical and extended load flow methods
- Congestion management
- Optimal power flow in smart grids
- Security assessment in smart grids
- Contingencies in smart grids
- Contingency studies in smart grids
- Stability of smart grids
- Voltage stability problem in smart grids
- Steady state voltage stability
- Preventive control in smart grids
Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators
- NERC Requirements
- Reliability Consideration of Smart Grid
- Distribution System Operators (DSO)
- Balancing Supply and Demand by Distributed Energy Resources
- Integration of Renewable Energy Sources
- Demand Response
- Introduction to computational tools in smart grids
- Optimization techniques in smart grids
- Heuristic optimization in smart grids
- Adaptive dynamic programming
- Pareto methods
- Computational challenges in smart grids
- Adaptive control and optimization
Renewable Energy and Storage
- Renewable energy resources
- Solar generation
- Wind generation
- Energy storage in smart grids
- Penetration issue of renewable sources
- Sustainable energy options in smart grids
- Demand response issues
- Plug-in electric vehicle ((PEV)
- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)
- Tax credits
Interoperability and Standards in Smart Grids
- Standards in smart grids
- Smart grid cyber security
Smart Grid Control
- Control of solar generation
- Solar inverters
- Smart inverters
- Grid-forming control
- Grid-supporting control
- Droop control
- Virtual impedance control
- Voltage and frequency regulation
- Control of wind turbines
- Battery energy storage control
- Current control in inverters